Aims and Objectives


“To prevent arrest and reverse degradation of

life support systems, particularly land and water,

so as to expand livelihood opportunities

in a sustainable and equitable manner

through people’s participation”


Aims & Objectives

  • To promote, encourage, aid, finance, organise and assist in the improvement of the productive capacity of degraded lands and thereby also to create additional employment Opportunities through suitable conservation, reclamation and cultural practices including tree cropping, fish farming, irrigation, improved chulas. wood gasifiers and other technologies, etc ; amongst the rural people, school children, youth, particularly belonging to scheduled castes and tribes and other weaker sections, with a view to bring about ecological stability and rural development on no profit no loss basis.
  • To assist village communities, private and public sector corporation, voluntary agencies and other institutions to establish plantations of suitable species of trees with the co­operation and help, wherever necessary, of financial institutions and Government agencies.
  • To undertake the programs of the Society through the assistance and co-operation of educational institutions.
  • To help establish linkages with financial institutions, rural communities and Government agencies for establishing plantations of suitable species of trees and related activities.
  • To provide training programs for village level workers and for the corporate and voluntary sectors for strengthening their afforestation programs through better utilization of land and water resources.
  • To encourage and sponsor research related to fast growing species of fuel wood, fodder, fruit, timber, ornamental trees etc, and to undertake pilot projects and other related research.
  • To provide technical assistance to interested agencies in their efforts for afforestation and utilization of wastelands.
  • To encourage and establish groups and association of like-minded persons and organisations and establish links with similar societies and institutes in India and elsewhere.
  • To disseminate knowledge and information to corporate sector, voluntary agencies, researchers and interested public through establishing a journal and other related media either free of cost or on a no profit no loss basis.
  • To provide grants, subsidies and finance directly to institutions and agencies needing assistance for their programs related to the objectives of the Society.
  • To collaborate with and assist government agencies and local bodies on matters relating to the promotion of waste-land development programs and other objects of the Society.
  • To raise funds and accept donations (in cash or kind) subscriptions, grants of money, securities, property of any kind and undertake and accept the management of any endowment, trust, fund or donation not inconsistent with the objects of the Society.
  • To accept donations, assistance and funds on behalf of the implementing agencies from the Government and/or foreign donors in the manner stated above and to obtain necessary accounts and information regarding the Physical and financial Progress of the schemes.
  • To invest the funds of the Society not immediately required in deposits with banks or in any securities authorised under the applicable laws in force from time to time for furtherance of the objectives of the Society.
  • To do all such other lawful acts, deeds or things either alone or in conjunction with other organisations as are incidental or ancillary or conducive to the attainment of any of the above objects.



In the initial stages of SPWD functioning, the following were arrived at

  • SPWD would work through other institutions which have their base in the field, and with local communities. This would reduce the time to establish credibility on one hand and provide the platform for sustainability in the future, when SPWD would withdraw.
  • The focus would not be only on technology development or research as this was available with the universities, research institutions etc. The focus would also be on adaptation of the technology to local contexts. The grafting of technology would therefore have to take into account biophysical conditions on one hand and socio economic conditions on the other.
  • A related aspect was process documentation so as to understand where similar conditions were available and the technology could be replicated with suitable modifications. Policy implications of the work were then shared in various forums.

The complexity of the issues facing SPWD have led SPWD to make some revisions in this approach

  • The need to take up a Sub Basin level approach to integrate multiple issues/ leanings from different field initiatives. Currently SPWD is working on different thematic areas and with different degrees of intensity in twelve sub basins spread across seven states of the country.
  • Detailed investigation on a number of technical issues related to water in particular and its interrelationship with other issues in general.
  • Focus on action research on the principle of theory, practice, theory.

SPWD has always spent considerable time in action research in the field and in discussions with partners and farmers so as to be able to understand the various interrelationships that emerge. Hence SPWD interventions are always rooted in the local context. The current necessity requires that SPWD focus on specific sub basins. The thematic and regional learnings are then integrated at different levels.